Darling # 8
Inel din argint cu piatra semipretioasa jad (jade)
Jade is an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of gemstones, but the only pure forms of jade are jadeite and nephrite. The history of jade goes back several thousand years when jade was first used to make weapons and tools because of its toughness. The Mayans and Aztecs regarded jade highly and the name „jade” originates from the Spanish „piedra de ijada”, meaning „stone for the pain in the side”. It was named in this way after Spanish explorers saw natives of Central America holding pieces of jade to their sides, believing that it could cure ills. The Chinese refer to jade as „yu”, which means „heavenly” or „imperial”. Therefore, it is considered to be the imperial gem in Chinese culture. In China, jade was found in the tombs of Shang kings.
Jade ranges in colour. It occurs in green, white, orange, yellow, lavender, grey and black. The most highly valued jade is a vivid emerald green and is semi-transparent. It is known as imperial jade and only occurs in Burma (Myanmar). Jade can be more than one colour in a single gem. Jade in which the colour is evenly distributed is highly valued. However, colour preferences vary depending on the region. For example, in the West, deep and vivid green jade is preferred, but in the Far East, pure white or yellow jade with a pink tone is prized, along with green imperial jade.
Jade Clarity and Lustre
Jade lustre is vitreous (glassy). When polished it appears vitreous to oily. Jadeite is said to have a more vitreous (glassy) lustre than nephrite which has a more resinous (oily) lustre.
Jade Gemstone Jewellery Care and Cleaning
Although jade is a tough material, it should be cared for properly in order to maintain its lustre. To clean your jade, simply use soapy water and a soft cloth. Be sure to rinse well to remove soapy residue. As with most gemstones, ultrasonic cleaners and steamers are not recommended. Always remove any jewellery or gemstones before exercising, cleaning or engaging in harsh physical activities such as sports. Store jade away from other gemstones to avoid scratches. It is best to wrap gemstones in soft cloth or place them inside a fabric-lined jewellery box.ComandaLike